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Antique Porcelain Vintage Pottery Antique China Dinnerware Backstamps Marks S-Z
Antiques and Collectibles Porcelain, Pottery, China and Dinnerware - Marks & History S - Z
As time permits I will post additional marks and their history on these pages.
S__V Mark With Other Marks..... or Not
Sometimes you will see the S_V mark included with other manufacturer marks. This stands for semi-vitreous. Semi vitreous is a type of porcelain. This has nothing to do with
the date it was made or the manufacturer who made it.
Salem China Company Mark
The mark that is on the Salem Simplicity dinnerware items we have in stock. Salem China Company - Salem, Ohio, 1898 to present (in 1968 they stopped making china). In 1918 the company was bought by F.A. Sebring and Floyd McKee headed up operations. At first they made just
white graniteware and then later fine earthenware and kitchen items were added to their inventory. They became an outstanding maker of fine dinnerware which they stopped making in 1967. Since 1968 they have been a sales and service organization.
The date code for Salem China is as follows: The number signifies the year of manufacture; the letter identifies the decorator. The stars tell the quarter of the year it was made - WHEN these are are
included in the mark. Salem China has numerous marks and symbols that were used on their wares. Most say Salem China Company or at least Salem. A few other words are; "T.S.C.Co.", "Royal Ovington's", "Seneca China", "Harmony House", "Coffee Break", "Victory", "Quaker Girl"
Sarreguemines (pronounced Sär-gu-meen) 1748 - present. There are several other marks other than the ones shown above. Production started in 1748 when Nicolas-Henri Jacobi, together with two other men, set up the first factory in the northeastern French city of Sarreguemines. Jacobi then bought an oil mill by the river and transformed it into a stone-grinding mill.
However, much more than his strong determination was needed. The difficulties in obtaining supplies of raw materials, the hostility and suspicion of local inhabitants, competition from English and French manufacturers, and the upheaval caused by the Revolution forced Jacobi to cede defeat.
In 1836, Utzschneider turned the management of the factory over to his son-in-law, Alexandre de Geiger. In 1838, Alexandre de Geiger affiliated himself with Villeroy & Boch. This
agreement contributed to the growth in production of the factory.
Following the Franco-German War of 1870, the Sarreguemines region was annexed by Germany. The factory subsequently relocated in 1872 to the city of Digoin, France, 250 miles to the southwest in the Burgundy region that also abounds in the natural resources required for porcelain.
Alexandre de Geiger left Sarreguemines and retired to Paris. His son, Paul de Geiger, took
over the management of the factory.
Paul de Geiger died in 1913, the year in which Utzschneider & Cie was split into two companies, one responsible for the establishment in Sarreguemines and the other for the French factories.
In 1919, the porcelain factories were united under the name of Sarreguemines - Digoin - Vitry-le-François and were operated by the Cazal family.
Between 1942 and 1945 the faience factories were sequestered and their management entrusted to Villeroy
& Boch . After stopping production of porcelain and majolica, the company was bought out in 1979 by the Lunéville - Badonviller - Saint Clément group, and they took the name of Sarreguemines - Batiment in 1982.
Sarreguemines Vaisselle acquired fame for quality and innovation. No less than 12 prestigious gold medals were won in international competitions during the 19th century. Napoleon Bonaparte purchased Sarreguemines Vaisselle porcelain
that can still be viewed today at Versailles and at the Trianon.
Today Sarreguemines Vaisselle remains one of the leading porcelain manufacturers in the world. The factory produces about 5000 tons of porcelain each year or about 13 million pieces. The factory has remained on the cutting edge of technology throughout its design, manufacturing, and distribution activities.
Schlegelmilch Porcelains - RS Germany Mark, E.S Germany Mark, R.S. Prussia Mark, R.S. Poland Mark
R.S. Prussia - The manufacturing of R.S. Prussia hard paste porcelains began when Erdmann Schleglemilch found his porcelain factory at Suhl, Thuringia in 1861 - 1920. Erdmann's brother, Reinhold Schlegelmilch, established his factory at Tillowitz, Upper Silesia in 1869 - 1956. These two factories marked the beginning of private ownership of porcelain factories in this region during a time when porcelain items were in big demand especially in the U.S. and Canada. Both factories used the R.S. Prussia mark. The red mark (looks like a building with S&T R S Prussia) first appeared in the late 1870's and was used through the 1880's. The wreath mark with a star shape above and RS inside Tillowitz Silesia below was used from 1920 - 1930's. The wreath mark with a star shape above and RS inside Prussia below was used from 1870's - 1914. The marks were over glaze. There are some unmarked pieces so you need to learn the molds and designs. A large number of molds were created and used with each mold being decorated differently and many were done with a transfer and enameling or hand applied gilt. Many blanks were exported to the U.S. to be decorated by the home decorating market. Many of these pieces did not have the RS Prussia mark. Yet, you may see pieces with additional signatures or marks, these would be the decorating artist or company. Many of these pieces were in the Rococo style.
R.S Germany - Tillowitz, Upper Germany. These pieces were marked with the wreath mark with a star shape above and RS inside Germany below - 1910 - 1956, under glaze. The forms and decorations used on R.S. Germany pieces followed the Art Deco period. Reinhold concentrated on table wares with most pieces being handpainted. Several large U.S. department stores had special patterns created just for their use and many of the blanks created for home decorating purposes carried the RS Germany mark whereas the RS Prussia pieces did not. Some exported pieces were decorated professionally by Pickard, a china decorating studio in Illinois.
E.S. Germany - Suhl, Thuringia 1900's to 1925 - This was Erdmann's factory. Some of the marks include "Prov. Saxe." "1861" or "Suhl" . Most of these porcelain pieces were in the Art Nouveau style and were totally hand painted. After 1905 they turned to the classical forms including mythological themes and simpler forms.
R.S. Poland - Poland 1945 - 1956 - The R.S. Poland marks is a wreath with Poland China over the wreath and RS inside. This factory was owned by Reinhold Schlegelmilch. Most of the R.S. Poland pieces were classical in styling with simple designs and the focus was on art objects such as vases and jardinieres. After W.W.II export to the U.S. began. In 1956 the socialist government took control of this factory.
Reproduction Alert - R.S Prussia has been reproduced since the 1960's. Lefton China makes reproductions. There are imported Japanese reproduction pieces that are pretty obvious as they are very thick (the real RS Prussia is nice thin porcelain) and the detail is not as delicate and precise. Some reproduction pieces have a new looking red mark.
Book to research the R.S Porcelains and the source of the above information: Mary Frank Gaston, The Collector's Encyclopedia of R.S. Prussia & Other R.S. & E.S. Porcelains - Your local library should have a copy of this book.
Tonwarenfabrik Heinrich Schumann (1876 - 1879)
Heinrich Schumann, originally from Angelroda (Thuringia), had a small pottery in Arzberg that had to close because it was in the way of the newly built railway. The railway was finished in November 1879 and connected Arzberg with the railway network.
Porzellanfabrik Christoph Schumann (1881 - 1932)
The only son of Heinrich Schuhann was Christoph Schumann. He was the founder of the new facility in 1881. Located under the
'Jakobsburg', it was next to the market square in the town center. Ironically, it was also directly next to the railway tracks that had forced his father to close. With the opening of the new facility the company also started manufacturing porcelain. Christoph Schumann led the company until 1932 when it was taken over by his son Carl Schumann. Porzellanfabrik Carl Schumann GmbH & Co. KG, later Carl Schumann AG (1932 - 1994) - Arzberg Bavaria Germany
The Carl Schumann
company was later also transformed into a limited company (no date known). Not being very successful over the years, the company had to close in 1994. The above mark is for the Carl Schumann Co. Terrific Resource for info on Schumann Marks
Shenango Pottery Mark
Shenango China Company, New Castle, Pennsylvania approximately 1902 - 1961. Due to financial problems the name flip flopped around somewhat during
that time. Then in 1979 it was bought by Anchor Hocking. Marks with the word "Castleton China" date between 1940 & 1968. Most Shenango China produced after 1950 has a date code marked on it. There are several different marks for this company. Some may include the words: "Peter Terris", "Epicure" (Homer Laughlin also used this name), "IncaWare", "Interpace" and many more. To see your exact mark please visit the library and look in a book of
Société Céramique (Maastricht)
Société Céramique (Maastricht) - Maastricht Holland - 1851 to 1958
The entrepreneurs Winand Nicolaas Clermont and Charles Chainaye in 1851 founded a pottery in the Maastricht neighborhood Wijck. Their company was taken over in 1859 by the Belgian engineer Guillaume Lambert and transformed into a limited partnership. Four years later it became a limited liability company that became
generally known as 'Société Céramique'. Under the directorate of Victor Jaunez (1863-1913), engineer P.J. Lengersdorff (1902-1915) and Edgar Michel (1915-1954), Société Céramique flourished and became the main competitor of Petrus Regout's firm, which was renamed Sphinx in 1899. Around 1900 the products of Société Céramique vied with those of Sphinx in price as well as in quality. In the twentieth century, Société Céramique started to focus more and more on the production of
sanitary ware. In 1958, to the surprise of many, the company merged with its Maastricht competitor Sphinx. The factory was demolished in the early 1990's to make room for a prestigious new housing estate, which was given the name Céramique.
Spode Fine Bone China
In a Staffordshire churchyard in 1739, a six-year-old boy watched his father buried in a pauper's grave. At seven he was
apprenticed to a nearby pottery. The boy was Josiah Spode I who would soon prove himself to be one of the technological and marketing geniuses in the history of ceramics. By 1770 he acquired his own factory in Stoke-on-Trent where Spode is still produced today. He soon began to demonstrate his technical skills and creativity as well as an unusual instinct for what his customers wanted. Over the next thirty years Spode revolutionized the English ceramics industry. By perfecting the technique
of transfer printing on earthenware from hand-engraved copper plates, he made the commercial production of lower-cost, consistent-quality wares possible. It was an overnight sensation and was quickly adopted by other English potters. Spode Fine Bone China is still made by the original formula and is recognized as the whitest and strongest made. Legally, the term Fine Bone China can only be used to describe translucent whiteware containing not less than 15% (USA) or 30% (UK) calcium phosphate
derived from ox bone. Because Spode contains 50% calcium phosphate, it can withstand up to 17,000 pounds pressure per square inch. **To protect your investment in Spode Fine Bone China, we recommend washing by hand. From generation to generation, Spode has been handed down by families and collectors who appreciate the joy of owning the original. And so it is today. The above mark is on the Spode Christmas Tree 10' Plate S3324L. Spode China always has the Spode name on it. Spode 2000. Used with permission. Correction Sent in By a Valuable Granny's Antique Shop Visitor - Much of the early original Spode pieces (dating from 1770 to 1833) do NOT have the Spode name and are unmarked except for perhaps a decorator's or workman's mark. The reasons for this were that the piece might be part of a set, in which case only one or two major items were marked, and
because it cost the pottery more money to have the mark put on the bottom.
You are undoubtedly referring to the 20thC Spode in your article, which does have the name on it, but I would like people not to forget that the ORIGINAL Spode pottery operated from 1770 to 1833, when it was bought out by Copeland's, and that it took Copeland until the late 1800s to decide to capitalize on the Spode name by putting Spode back into their marks.
Stangl China Mark
New Jersey 1929 - 1978. Johann Martin Stangl worked for Fulper Pottery and left to work for Haeger Pottery. He returned to Fulper Pottery in 1920 and became President in 1926, in 1929 he changed the name to Stangl Pottery. In 1930 he acquired the Pottery. Stangl is known for its bird figurines and dinnerware. In 1972 Martin Stangl died and the pottery was sold to Frank Wheaton Jr. of Wheaton Industries. Production continued until 1978 when Pfaltzgraff Pottery
purchased the rights to the Stangl mark and the remaining inventory was liquidated. A single bird figurine is identified by a number. Figurines made up of two birds are identified by a number followed by the letter D indicating Double. The marks shown above is for the Stangl gravy boat we have in the shop.
Stetson China Company
Stetson China Company Lincoln, Illinois 1946 to 1966. When they began they purchased their blanks from the Mount
Clemens Pottery Company. Many of their handpainted pieces are easily confused with Southern Potteries as both are usually unmarked. This particular mark is from the Stetson Heritage Ware line. Other words you might see on a Stetson Pottery mark are; "Table to Terrace",, "Country Casual", "Lady Marlowe", "American Bride", "Air Flow", "Heritage" in an armour, "Sun Valley", "Yours Truly", "American
Heritage", "Colette" or "Hester"
Steubenville Pottery Company
Steubenville Pottery Company, Steubenville, Ohio. 1879 - 1959. In the early 1900's Steubenville Pottery was making dinnerware, graniteware, Canton China & toilet seats. American Modern was first made in 1939 and was designed by
Russell Wright (he got around). Woodfield Leaf was made by Steubenville Pottery and is still very collectible (consult your local library for prices). Pieces marked "Final Kiln" were made in 1959 when the pottery was closed and all of the molds and equipment were moved to Canonsburg, PA. to the Canonsburg Pottery. The Steubenville Pottery mark was still used for quite sometime after that and there are some marks that are very confusing as to which pottery actually made them. Inlaid is said to
be made by Canonsburg. The above mark is on dinnerware that we have in the shop that was actually made by Canonsburg Pottery in the early 1960's.
Stouffer China Mark & History
Stouffer China Chicago, Illinois I have seen reference that they were in existence in the early 1900's, Lois Lehner does not make reference to them until 1945 and says that they were no longer in business in
1952. Stouffer China was an American decorating firm and a direct competitor of Pickard Studios. It appears that Stouffer Studios specialized in gold glazes and other companies would co-produce their patterns with Stouffer. Stouffer would also use other companies blanks and paint their own designs on them. The company that produced the blank would have a stamp on the back as would the Stouffer China Company. The backstamp or mark says Stouffer China or Stouffer Fine China.
Syracuse China Mark
Syracuse China Company - Syracuse, New York, 1841 to at least 1986 (may still be operational). From 1855 - 1871 it was called Empire Pottery. The company was reorganized and the name changed to Onondaga Pottery Company (O.P.Co.) until 1966
then the name was changed to Syracuse China. There was a particular type of china with the Syracuse name and mark that was being made in 1879 but the company name did not change until 1966. In 1970 Syracuse discontinued producing china for home use and focused on hotel china. In 1984 Syracuse purchased the Mayer China Company, another big name in hotel and diner china.
The following Syracuse shapes were introduced: Econorim - 1933; Winthrop -
1949; Essex - 1953; Trend - 1955; Signet - 1976. Imperial Geddo was introduced around 1988. The initials O.P. Co. were filed for registration in 1914, claiming use since 1892.
Other names you might find on Syracuse China pieces are: Shelledge; Canterbury; Old Ivory; Nature Study; Old Cathay; Palomino; Key Biscayne; Golden Maize; Superior China; Harmony; Carefree.
The mark shown above is from pieces
we have listed in the shop. According to the Syracuse China dating system, they date to 1943.
I will try to explain the dating code for Syracuse China - Click Here
Taylor, Smith & Taylor Mark - (TS&T)
Taylor, Smith & Taylor was started in Chester, West Virginia in late 1899 to 1982. In 1973 the Anchor Hocking Glass Company purchased TS&T. The 3 major dinnerware lines were; LuRay introduced in 1930, Pebbleford and Vistosa.
There were a number of marks used and some simply have the initials TST. The Taylor, Smith & Taylor mark shown here is from a gravy boat we have for sale and the mark is from
Thomas Germany and F. Thomas Bavaria Porcelain Marks
There are few sources of information that I trust, and I always check and double check anything I post here for you to see. I have seen these marks referred to as the F. Thomas Porcelain Factory and they all repeat the same 2 lines of information... which tells me these
eBay seller's and online seller's are getting their information from the same source (which I was not able to find.)
If you have the mark showing the shield with the urns or ears and "Thomas Bavaria" (the country may be different also the text or lack there of) here is the scoop - Marktredwitz, Bavaria Germany; 1898-1902 - Jaeger, Thomas & Co. formed the first porcelain factory in Marktredwitz. They crafted household and decorative porcelain, tea and coffee sets,
gift ware and knick-knack items. Their mark was a JCT with 2-three leaf clovers (like the Jaeger & Co. mark only with the addition of the "T"), Jaeger went on to a very successful career; 1902, Fritz Thomas left this company and founded Markt Redwitz Thomas & Ens, they were in production from 1903-1908 (this porcelain mark looks like the one on the above left with the text inside the
shield being Thue MR) Ens left this partnership and Thomas continued on as Porzellanfabrik F. Thomas, he had already caught the eye of the Rosenthal Co. in Selb. The Thomas Factory is still in production today as a subsidiary of Rosenthal Glass & Porcelain. (this is the mark above on the right, began use in 1953, there are also more modern looking marks that say simply Thomas Bavaria without the shield and urns)
The Fritz Thomas or F. Thomas Porcelain mark may have the word "Sevres," "Bavaria," "Ivory," or "Thomas Ivory" and will look like the above left mark. In 1908 the mark simply said Thomas inside of the shield with the little urns on the sides.
Trenton Potteries Company
Trenton Potteries Company, Trenton, New Jersey. 1922 - 1969. There were actually 5 companies that went together to form this company in 1892; Crescent, Delaware, Empire, Enterprise and Equitable. Some continued operation using their own names while functioning under the Trenton Potteries Co. name. Delaware Pottery (1884 - 1918) was making sanitary ware, druggist products and a limited amount of Belleek porcelain. Empire Pottery (1884 - 1892) was actually the reconfigured Coxon and Co. produced dinnerware, tea sets and toilet ware. Enterprise (1879 - 1916) and Equitable (1888 - 1941) both made sanitary ware before the merge as well as after. The company suffered two fires and in 1969 ceased operation. They made a large number of wonderfully colored items.
Most of the Trenton Potteries mark have the full name and some have only T P Co.. There is also TEPECO, a T with a P on the leg of the T, they used stars a lot in the marks. I am sure that there are some that I am not aware of so please consult a marks book of your mark is not listed.
Ungemach Pottery Company
Ungemach Pottery Co. Roseville, Ohio. 1937 - 1984. Started by Fred Ungemach who began his career making novelties at the National Pottery which burned in 1938. From 1937 - 1942 the plant was called South Fork Pottery and then it became Ungemach. During W.W.II they made planters for the Walt Disney Productions. Their products are well made with good designs. In 1984 the building and
equipment were sold to Friendship Pottery. Marks are UPCO or variation of the company name or both.
Universal Pottery Inc. & Universal
Universal Potteries, Inc. Cambridge, Ohio. 1934 to 1976. They stopped making dinnerware in 1960 and started making decorative tiles. The name was changed to Oxford Tile Company from 1956 - 1976. Cat-Tail was advertised in the 1930's & 1940's, Calico Fruit - 1940's, Ballerina - 1940's - 1950's, Raymore Universal - 1950's,
Upico Ivory - 1930's late 1940's, Camwood - was in production when the company quit making dinnerware and had been produced for a long time. See Bradshaw China Company for early history. Universal Promotions, Inc. - acted as distributors for Universal Pottery. Once they went out of business
other companies such as Taylor, Smith & Taylor (TS&T), Homer Laughlin and Hull China produced some pieces of dinnerware for distribution under the Universal name. In the 1970 Moss Rose pieces were made with the Ballerina mark to be sold in grocery stores but this did not go over well and was discontinued.
Upper Hanley Pottery Co. Ltd
This mark is on a wonderful antique dish that we have for sale. It is from the Upper Hanley Pottery Co. Ltd., Hanley England , 1895 - 1910. Earthenware manufacturer at the Upper Hanley Works, the High Street, Hanley (from c.1895 - 1902) In 1902 the Upper Hanley Pottery Co (Ltd) moved to the Brownfield's Works in Cobridge (c.1902 - 1910) They created Flow Blue porcelain and other
porcelain pieces. Previously: Stonier, Hollinshead & Oliver (1882-1891) Other marks include: UHP ENGLAND; UHP Co ENGLAND; UHP Co Ltd ENGLAND; SEMI-PORCELAIN
Van Briggle Pottery Mark
This is the mark on the Van Briggle
Pottery Beer or Cider Pitcher and 6 Mugs that we have for sale - each item also has a different potter initial(s). This black glaze was introduced in 1979. Van Briggle Pottery - Colorado Springs - 1901 to present. There are a few different marks but all contain the AA.
Click on the link above to go to the full information page on Villeroy & Boch
Von Schierholz Porcelain
Manufactory - Crown with Shield and Wreath Mark 1817
A website visitor sent me this mark to identify. It is on a wonderfully ornate pair of porcelain candelabra with cherubs and other ornamentation. Von Schierholz Porcelain Manufactory of Plaue, Thuringia, Germany. The history of the factory goes back to 1817. This particular mark for Von Schierholz Porcelain is their Jubilee Mark, to commemorate 150 years of operation,
put into use in 1967 and apparently used until 1972. There are other variations of this mark.
Willets Manufacturing Company -
W M Co. Mark
Willets Manufacturing Company Trenton, New Jersey. 1879 to about 1909. They made white granite, semi-porcelain dishes and novelties, majolica door knobs as well as porcelain toilet sets. They used several marks including Belleek, others like the one
above with the globe, the initials W M Co. and the name of the pattern, Semi WM Co, a coat of arms with the initials and letters one on top of the other which of you look closely are WM Co.
Porcelain Pottery China Dinnerware Marks & History S - Z